The necessary residence authorisation is issued by the aliens department of the district offices and cities. To receive a residence permit the foreigner has to submit a corresponding application with the representation of the Federal Republic of Germany prior to his arrival in Germany. To enter on a tourist visa is not sufficient because with a tourist visa an employment is excluded.
Citizens from Australia, Israel, Japan, Canada, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea and the USA can also apply for a work permit with the corresponding aliens department after their arrival in Germany.
Citizens from the EFTA-countries Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway and citizens of Switzerland enjoy free movement of labour. They do not require a residence authorisation and can pursue employment.
For all non-EU citizens the residence permit for the purpose of employment has to be submitted before the start of the employment. For the issuance of such a residence permit as a rule the approval of the responsible employment agency has to be existent, which will be obtained by the aliens department in an internal administrative procedure. The approval of the employment agency will become part of the residence permit as incidental provision. A special work permit will not be issued.